Sahiwal is approximately 180 km from the major city Lahore and is the city between Lahore and Multan. The city is in the densely populated region between the Sutlej and Ravi rivers. The city of Sahiwal is the capital of both the district and the division. About 18 miles south-west of Sahiwal is Harappa, an ancient city of the world, oldest urban center of Harappan or Indus civilization in South Asia.
Agriculture is important to the local economy, particularly the growing of cotton and grain exported all over Pakistan and around the world. As well as its cattle and sheep, the Division is also famous for Water Buffalo milk all over the world.